Common Information Sharing Standards

The Common Information Sharing Standards (CISS) program provides standards for technology implementation, information sharing processes, and products for the ISE. The CISS program focuses on two types of standards:

Functional standards

These standards are rules or guidelines for creating and sharing reports or other documents. An example of a functional standard developed by ISE mission partners is the Nationwide Suspicious Activity Reporting (SAR) Initiative (NSI). The ISE-SAR Functional Standard includes the business rules and formats for exchanging SARs that were agreed to both by operating organizations (frontline law enforcement) and privacy and civil liberties advocacy groups.

Technical standards

These standards are the schemas or frameworks that enable technical data exchanges between systems. Learn more by checking out blog posts about technical standards.

Learn more about the most common information standards:

A Standards-Based Approach: Identify the benefits of developing a structured, standards-driven approach to information sharing

National Information Exchange Model (NIEM): Discover how NIEM connects communities of people who share a need for access to information

The Standards & Interoperability section of the ISE Building Blocks provides information about more standards options, how to implement them, and standards development organizations that focus on information sharing and safeguarding.